* denotes student researcher (graduate and undergraduate)
Smiley KO, SE Lipshutz, AA Kimmitt, MS Devries, KE Cain, EM George, KM Covino. Beyond a biased binary: A perspective on the misconceptions, challenges, and implications of studying females in avian endocrinology. Frontiers in Physiology
*Special issue on Rising Stars in Avian Physiology 2022
* J Gaviraghi Mussoi, MC Stanley, KE Cain. Importance of sleep for avian vocal communication. Biology Letters 18 (8), 20220223
* Johnsson RD, F Connelly, *J Gaviraghi Mussoi J, AL Vyssotski, KE Cain, TC Roth and JA Lesku. Sleep loss impairs cognitive performance and alters song output performance in Australian magpies. Scientific Reports. 12 (1), 1-11
Odom, K; KE Cain; ML Hall; N Langmore; R Mulder; S Kleindorfer; J Karubian; L Brouwer; E Enbody; J Jones; J Dowling; A Leitão; E Greig; C Evans; A Johnson; K Meyers; M Araya-Salas; M Webster. Sex role similarity and sexual selection predict male and female song elaboration and dimorphism in fairy-wrens. Ecology & Evolution 11 (24), 17901-17919
* Johnsson, RD, F Connelly, *JG Mussoi, KE Cain, AL Vyssotski, TC Roth, JA Lesku. A causal role for sleep in maintaining high neurobehavioural performance in Australian magpies. Journal of Sleep Research 29, 178-178
* Sweeney, AP, *Heswell, AM, Cain, K.E. (2022). An observation of a juvenile feeding an injured adult in pūkeko (Porphyrio melanotus melanotus). Notornis, 69 (3), 191-195
* Erastova, DA; JA Galbraith, KE Cain, Y van Heezik, E Hume, MC Stanley. Effects of urban sugar water feeding on bird body condition and avian diseases. Avian Biology Research. 15 (3), 133-143
* Sweeney, AP, *Haerewa, NL, Cain, KE. (2022). Observations of satellite nesting and nocturnal incubation behaviours in pūkeko (Porphyrio melanotus melanotus). Notornis, 69 (3), 196-201
* Sweeney, AP & KE Cain. Opportunistic predation of non-native species by a native Aotearoa - New Zealand rail, the pukeko. Notornis. 69, 130-134
* Loo, YY & KE Cain. A call to expand avian vocal development research. Frontiers in Ecol & Evol. 9-773. doi.org10.3389/fevo.2021.757972
Cain, KE; S Griffith, LEB Kruuk. Morph and sex differences in ageing patterns in a polymorphic songbird - Journal of Evolutionary Biology. 34 (11), 1691-1703
* Sweeney, AP & KE Cain. The effects of a large-scale ecological disturbance on social group cohesion and reproductive success in a cooperatively breeding rail - Learning and Motivation - Invited contribution
* Erastova,DA, JA Galbraith, KE Cain, Y van Heezik, A Filion, MC Stanley. Sugar water feeding practices are associated with bird species composition in urban backyards. Journal of Urban Ecology 7 (1), juab018
* K Heaphy, KE Cain. Song variation between sexes and among subspecies of New Zealand Fantail (Rhipidura fuliginosa)'. Emu - Austral Ornithology DOI: 10.1080/01584197.2021.1886589
* Liu, G, KE Cain, L Schwanz. Maternal temperature, corticosterone, and body condition as mediators of maternal effects in jacky dragons (Amphibolurus muricatus). 2020. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.1086/711955.
M Iglesias-Carrasco, DA Duchene, ML Head, AP Møller, and KE Cain. 2019. Sex in the city: sexual selection and urban colonisation in passerines. Biology Letters. 15: 20190257
* RMR Rodgers, KE Cain. 2019. No evidence for side preference or handedness in a New Zealand rail species with habitual foot-usage, the pukeko. Behavioural Processes. 167.
* Loo, YYi, * Moran, IG, Cain, KE. 2019. Grey warbler aggressive behaviour towards rifleman nestlings. Notornis 66: 174-177. notornis.osnz.org.nz/node/4460
* Moran, IG, * Loo, YYi, Cain, KE. 2019. Long-tailed cuckoo (Eudynamys taitensis) predation on rifleman (Acanthisitta chloris) nestlings. Notornis. 66 103-107
Press- Youtube; Scoop.co.nz, 2nd Scoop
KE Cain, ML Hall, I Medina, AV Leitao, K Delhey, L Brouwer, A Peters, S Pruett-Jones, MS Webster, NE Langmore, and RA Mulder. 2019. Conspicuous plumage does not increase predation risk: A continent-wide test using model songbirds. American Naturalist. doi.org/10.1086/701632. Press Release -
* Taylor C, Hall ML, Cain KE, Langmore NE. 2019. A superb solo, or a deviant duet? Overlapping songs in superb fairy-wrens. Behavioural Ecology. 30(4), 1076–1086.
* Young, CM, Cain, KE, Svedin, N, Backwell, PRY, Pryke, SR. 2018. Breeding biology of Crimson Finches (Neochmia phaeton) in the eastern Kimberley, Western Australia. Emu - Austral Ornithology - 119:2, 2019 - 106-115.
Medina I, K Delhey, KE Cain, ML Hall, A Peters, RA Mulder & NE Langmore. 2017. Habitat structure is linked with the evolution of plumage in female, but not male, fairy-wrens. BMC Evolutionary Biology 17 (1), 35
Cain, KE & SR Pryke. 2017. Testosterone production ability predicts breeding success and tracks breeding stage in captive male songbirds. Journal of Evolutionary Biology. 30: 430–436
* Young, CM, KE Cain, N Svedin, P Backwell & SR Pryke. 2017. Predictors of aggressive response towards simulated intruders depend on context and sex in Crimson Finches (Neochmia phaeton). Behavioural Processes 138, 41-48
Cain, KE & NE Langmore. 2016. Female song and aggression show contrasting relationships to reproductive success when habitat quality differs. Behav Ecol Sociobiol doi:10.1007/s00265-016-2192-1
Cain, KE & SR Pryke. 2016. Testosterone production in response to exogenous gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH challenge) depends on social environment and color polymorphism.
Special issue in General & Comparative Endocrinology, 244:77-85
Cain, KE, A Cockburn & NE Langmore. 2016. Female territorial behaviour (song and activity) is positively related to fitness estimates in superb fairy-wrens (Malurus cyaneus). Invited special issue on female song in Front. Ecol. Evol. http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2015.00119
Cain, KE & NE Langmore. 2015. Female and male song rates across breeding stage: testing for sexual and non-sexual functions of female song. Animal Behaviour 109:65-71
* Young, C, KE Cain, & SR Pryke. 2015. Carotenoid or melanin? The role of coloured badges in resolving group conflicts. Journal of Avian Biology, DOI: 10.1111/jav.00742
* Young, C, KE Cain, N Svedin, P Backwell & SR Pryke. 2015. Nest success in crimson finches: chance or choice? Ethology, DOI: 10.1111/eth.12422
Cain KE, J Jawor & JW McGlothlin. Individual variation and selection on hormone-mediated phenotypes. In: The Ordinary Extraordinary Junco. (JW Atwell & ED Ketterson, editors). Chicago University Press, IL. Book Chapter
Cain, KE & KA Rosvall. 2014. Next steps for understanding the selective relevance of female-female competition., Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution doi: 10.3389/fevo.2014.0003
Cain, KE. 2014. Mates of competitive females: the relationships between female aggression, mate quality and parental care. Advances in Zoology, Article ID 319567,
Roche DG, Lanfear R, Binning SA, Haff TM, Schwanz LE, Cain KE, Kokko H, Jennions MD, & Kruuk LEB. 2014. Troubleshooting Public Data Archiving: Suggestions to Increase Participation. PLoS Biology 12(1): e1001779. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1001779
Cain, KE & ED Ketterson. 2013. Individual variation in testosterone and parental care in a female songbird; the dark-eyed junco (Junco hyemalis), Hormones & Behavior, 64:685–692
Cain, KE & ED Ketterson. 2013. Costs and benefits of female competitive traits; aggression, maternal care, and reproductive success in a common songbird. PLoS One, 8(10):e77816
Cain, KE, CM Bergeon-Burns & ED Ketterson. 2012. Testosterone production, sexually dimorphic morphology and digit ratio in a common songbird, the dark-eyed junco. Behavioral Ecology, 24:462–469. doi: 10.1093/beheco/ars186
Cain, KE, and Ketterson, ED 2012. Competitive females are successful females; phenotype, mechanism, and selection in a common songbird. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 66(2): 241-252. doi: 10.1007/s00265-011-1272-5
PRESS: Featured on the science blog The Scorpion and the Frog
Selected as an Editor's Choice Article; one of the journals top cited papers.
Cain, KE, Rich, MS*, Ainsworth, K*, Ketterson, ED 2011. Two sides of the same coin? Consistency in aggression to conspecifics and predators in a female songbird. Ethology 117(9): 786-795. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0310.2011.01932.x
KE Cain, ML Hall, I Medina, AV Leitao, K Delhey, L Brouwer, A Peters, S Pruett-Jones, MS Webster, NE Langmore, and RA Mulder. Data from: Conspicuous plumage does not increase predation risk: A continent-wide test using model songbirds. Dryad Digital Repository.
Cain K, Pryke S (2016) Data from: Testosterone production ability predicts breeding success and tracks breeding stage in male finches. Dryad Digital Repository. http://dx.doi.org/10.5061/dryad.70gh4