In review, revision, or invited
* Young, C, KE Cain, N Svedin, P Backwell & SR Pryke. Predictors of aggressive response towards simulated intruders depend on context and sex in Crimson Finches (Neochmia phaeton).
Medina I, K Delhey, KE Cain, ML Hall, A Peters, RA Mulder & NE Langmore. Habitat structure is linked with the evolution of plumage in female, but not male, fairy-wrens.
Published or accepted
* denotes student researcher (graduate and undergraduate)
Cain, KE & SR Pryke. Testosterone production ability predicts breeding success and tracks breeding stage in captive male songbirds. Journal of Evolutionary Biology. Available online early.
Cain, KE & NE Langmore. Female song and aggression show contrasting relationships to reproductive success when habitat quality differs. Behav Ecol Sociobiol (2016). doi:10.1007/s00265-016-2192-1
Cain, KE & SR Pryke. 2016. Testosterone production in response to exogenous gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH challenge) depends on social environment and color polymorphism.
Special issue in General & Comparative Endocrinology, IN PRESS
Cain, KE, A Cockburn & NE Langmore. 2016. Female territorial behaviour (song and activity) is positively related to fitness estimates in superb fairy-wrens (Malurus cyaneus). Invited special issue on female song in Front. Ecol. Evol. http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2015.00119
Cain, KE & NE Langmore. 2015. Female and male song rates across breeding stage: testing for sexual and non-sexual functions of female song. Animal Behaviour 109:65-71
* Young, C, KE Cain, & SR Pryke. 2015. Carotenoid or melanin? The role of coloured badges in resolving group conflicts. Journal of Avian Biology, DOI: 10.1111/jav.00742
* Young, C, KE Cain, N Svedin, P Backwell & SR Pryke. 2015. Nest success in crimson finches: chance or choice? Ethology, DOI: 10.1111/eth.12422
Cain KE, J Jawor & JW McGlothlin. Individual variation and selection on hormone-mediated phenotypes. In: The Ordinary Extraordinary Junco. (JW Atwell & ED Ketterson, editors). Chicago University Press, IL. Book Chapter, in press
Cain, KE & KA Rosvall. Next steps for understanding the selective relevance of female-female competition. 2014, Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution doi: 10.3389/fevo.2014.0003
Cain, KE Mates of competitive females: the relationships between female aggression, mate quality and parental care. 2014. Advances in Zoology, Article ID 319567,
Roche DG, Lanfear R, Binning SA, Haff TM, Schwanz LE, Cain KE, Kokko H, Jennions MD, & Kruuk LEB. 2014. Troubleshooting Public Data Archiving: Suggestions to Increase Participation. PLoS Biology 12(1): e1001779. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1001779
Cain, KE & ED Ketterson. 2013. Individual variation in testosterone and parental care in a female songbird; the dark-eyed junco (Junco hyemalis), Hormones & Behavior, 64:685–692
Cain, KE & ED Ketterson. 2013. Costs and benefits of female competitive traits; aggression, maternal care, and reproductive success in a common songbird. PLoS One, 8(10):e77816
Cain, KE, CM Bergeon-Burns & ED Ketterson. 2012. Testosterone production, sexually dimorphic morphology and digit ratio in a common songbird, the dark-eyed junco. Behavioral Ecology, 24:462–469. doi: 10.1093/beheco/ars186
Cain, KE, and Ketterson, ED 2012. Competitive females are successful females; phenotype, mechanism, and selection in a common songbird. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 66(2): 241-252. doi: 10.1007/s00265-011-1272-5
PRESS: Featured on the science blog The Scorpion and the Frog
Selected as an Editor's Choice Article; one of the journals top cited papers.
Cain, KE, Rich, MS*, Ainsworth, K*, Ketterson, ED 2011. Two sides of the same coin? Consistency in aggression to conspecifics and predators in a female songbird. Ethology 117(9): 786-795. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0310.2011.01932.x
Cain K, Pryke S (2016) Data from: Testosterone production ability predicts breeding success and tracks breeding stage in male finches. Dryad Digital Repository. http://dx.doi.org/10.5061/dryad.70gh4
* denotes student collaborators
Cain, KE, SR Pryke & LEB Kruuk. Sex differences in onotgeny of socially important traits in the Gouldian finch, Erythrura gouldiae.
Bergeon Burns, CM, KE Cain, NM Gerlach & ED Ketterson. Comparing testosterone-mediated traits between closely related subspecies: how much can be explained by variation in circulating hormones?